Gum disease is one of the most commonly experienced oral conditions which can take a severe toll on your oral health. It is characterized by the infection of the gum tissues combined with some troubling symptoms. If gum disease isn’t treated early, it can increase the severity and result in extreme pain. Hence, we urge our patients to spot the onset of gum disease and get it addressed immediately.
What are the causes and symptoms of gum disease?
The leading cause of gum disease is the adhered plaque and tartar on the teeth and tooth roots. They release harmful acidic substances that deteriorate the soft gum tissues, which gradually leads to gum disease. Some of the other causes are root canal infection, external injuries to the gums, etc. Gum disease can be characterized by the following symptoms:
- Bleeding and discharge of pus from the gums.
- Severe pain, especially while biting and chewing food, brushing the teeth, etc.
- The disease of the gums, which leads to redness and inflammation.
- Receding gum line exposing the tooth roots.
- Jawbone deterioration.
- Loss of teeth.
How is gum disease treated?
Periodontitis is often quite devastating if left untreated for a long duration. It can cause irreversible damage to the oral tissues, which is why we will thoroughly diagnose the oral condition and suggest suitable treatment. Since the adhered tartar deposits are the leading cause of gum disease, we will remove them by ultrasonic scaling and wash away the microbial debris using a jet of water. The tooth roots will also be cleaned by the dentist using a hook-like scaling tip.
The diseased gum tissues will be removed using laser therapy, where the dentist uses a highly intense laser beam to vaporize the tissues. The wound underneath would be sealed instantly, thus avoiding the need for sutures or a long healing period. If the gum line has receded severely, healthy tissues will be harvested from a different part of the mouth (preferably the palate) and grafted to the receded area, thus replenishing their volume. We will also use suitable medication to arrest the infection and prevent its spread.
You may schedule a consultation with our team of dental experts by calling us or reaching us through an online query. We’re always happy to help.